ACTIVE AND PASSIVE

 

Active

Pasive

Simple Present

S + V (S/es) + O

S + to be + V3 + BY + O

(she, he, it = is)

(I = am)

(they, we, you = are)

Simple Past

S + V2 + O

S + to be + V3 + BY + O

(she, he, it, I = was)

(they, we, you = were)

Simple Future

S + will + v1 + O

S + will + be + v3 + by + o

Present Continous

S + tobe + ving + o

S + to be + being + v3 + by + o

Past Continous

S + tobe (was / were) + ving + o

S + to be (was / were) + being + v3 + by + o

Future Continous

S + will + be + ving + o

There are some tenses and conditions that don’t have pasive form present continous, past perfect continous, future continous, future perfect continous, and sentences that have intransitive verbs

Present Perfect

S + has / have + v3 + o

S + has / have + been + v3 + by + o

(she, he, it = has)

(they, we, I, you = have)

Past Perfect

S + had + v3 + o

S + had + been + v3 + by + o

Future perfect

S + will + have + v3 + o

S + will + have + been + v3 + by + o

 Mengubah kalimat active ke kalimat passive

  1. 1.  Active = once a month, conte brings the team to the beach.

Pasive = once a month, the team is brought to the beach by conte.

(SIMPLE PRESENT)

 

  1. 2.  Active = Ali is writing a letter right now.

Pasive = the letter is being written by Ali now.

(PRESENT CONTINOUS)

 

  1. 3.  Active = Gio repaired the computer which is located in the living room

Pasive = the computer which is located in the living room was repaired by Gio.

(SIMPLE PAST)

 

  1. 4.  Active = The salesman was helping the customer when the thief came into the store.

Pasive = The Customer was being helped by the salesman when the thief came into the store.

(PAST CONTINOUS)

  1. 5. Active = Many basketball players have trained that kind of dribble style.

Pasive = that kind of dribble style have been trained by many basketball players.

(PRESENT PERFECT)

 

  1. 6.  Active = Otong and vicky had repaired many cars before they received their mechanic license.

Pasive = many cars had been repaired by otong and vicky before they received their mechanic,

(PAST PERFECT)

 

  1. 7.  Active = Chef ferara will finish the dish by 05.00 PM

Pasive = the dish will be finished by chef Ferara by 05.00 PM.

(SIMPLE FUTURE)

 

  1. 8. Active = Burgerkill will be performing a song entitled “tiga titik hitam” on the stage at 08.00 PM.

Pasive = a song entitled will be performed by Burgerkill on the stage at 08.00 PM.

(FUTURE CONTINOUS)

 

  1. 9.  Active = They will have completed the project before the deadline.

Pasive = the project will have been completed by them before the deadline.

(FUTURE PERFECT)

 

  1. 10. Active = The lead guitarist of flashgod apocalypse smashed his guitar in their last concert.

Pasive = the guitar was smashed by the lead guitarist of flashgod apoccalypse in their last concert

(SIMPLE PAST)

 sumber : http://niabedok.blogspot.com/

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